Tenement Building at 97 Orchard Street

Designated a National Historic Landmark of New York City on 4/19/1994.

Landmark Description

This six-story brick tenement is an outstanding survivor of the vast number of humble buildings that housed immigrants to New York during the greatest wave of immigration in American history. Erected in 1863-64, it represents the first rush of tenement building in New York City. The top two floors of this 97 Orchard Street contain rooms, wallpaper, plumbing, and lighting preserved as they were left almost 60 years ago, when they were boarded up and sealed until their discovery in 1988. Something of an urban time machine, the building is able to convey a vivid sense of the deplorable living conditions experienced by its tenants, which, during its 72-year tenure as housing, may have numbered as many as 10,000.

Category: Building-Residence


Street: 97 Orchard St.

: Manhattan

: New York


map of tenement building at 97 orchard street


For this landmark

Each of the links below provide additional information and insights regarding Tenement Building at 97 Orchard Street.

Other landmark references

Utilize the links below to obtain more general and broader topics related to the National Historic Landmarks and the resources available to the public.

  • Library of Congress (LOC) Picture Collection
    Unique in their scope and richness, the picture collections number more than 14 million images. These include photographs, historical prints, posters, cartoons, documentary drawings, fine prints, and architectural and engineering designs. While international in scope, the collections are particularly strong in materials documenting the history of the United States and the lives, interests, and achievements of the American people.
  • National Park Service - National Historic Landmarks Site
    National Historic Landmarks (NHLs) are nationally significant historic places designated by the Secretary of the Interior because they possess exceptional value or quality in illustrating or interpreting the heritage of the United States. Today, just over 2,500 historic places bear this national distinction. Working with citizens throughout the nation, the National Historic Landmarks Program draws upon the expertise of National Park Service staff who guide the nomination process for new Landmarks and provide assistance to existing Landmarks.
  • LOC Historic American Building Survey
    The permanent collection of architectural, engineering and landscape documentation at the Library of Congress consists of measured and interpretive drawings, large-format black and white and color photographs, written historical and descriptive data, and original field notes. The collection captures the American experience through approximately 40,000 recorded historic structures and sites, from American Indian cliff dwellings at Mesa Verde to space-age technology at Cape Canaveral.
  • LandmarkHunter.com
    LandmarkHunter.com is a database of historic or notable landmarks in the United States, past and present.
  • Wikipedia - National Historic Landmarks in NYC
    The free encyclopedia's directory of New York City's National Historic Landmarks.
  • Go Historic Site
    Check out Go Historic, the encyclopedic travel guide to history, art and architecture, including places, people, things, photos and topics.

NYC Tickets:  Broadway Shows | Off-Broadway | Sports | Attractions | Concerts
Things-To-Do | Tours | Attractions | TheatreHotels |
City Info | Site Map | Maps | Events

In our 18th year, we welcome your feedback at info@mustseenewyork.com
A member of the Must See Destinations network | Must See New York 2002-2019