Chester A. Arthur House
Designated a National Historic Landmark
of New York City on 12/12/1965.
In the early morning hours of September 20, 1881, Vice President Chester A. Arthur took the oath of office as the 21st president of the United States in a private ceremony at his New York City home. The assassin’s bullet that wounded President James Garfield in July had claimed his life the day before. Arthur lived in this handsome four-story brownstone townhouse on Lexington Avenue for most of his adult life. Arthur was a spoils man and staunch supporter of Roscoe Conkling’s Republican machine in New York State as vice president. As president, he became a champion of civil service reform, encouraging government appointments based on merit and creating the Civil Service Commission. Although respected as president, he made too many enemies to win re-nomination and retired to his New York City home at the end of his single term. He died there two years later.
123 Lexington Ave.
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